Malacca is located on the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia facing the Straits of Malacca, about 147 kilometres from Kuala Lumpur between the states of Negeri Sembilan and Johor. It covers an area of 1,638 sq. metres and is divided into three region namely Alor Gajah, Central Malacca and Jasin. 

The city of Melaka is divided into the new and old sections. The older part of the city is fairly compact and has many historical and cultural attractions tucked into the nooks and crannies of its narrow streets.

Much of the remnants of Melaka's glorious past lie within the Town Square and waterfront area near the river.
Just above the Town Square is St. Paul's Hill (Bukit St. Paul) which is the site of the original Portuguese fort of A'Famosa and St. Paul's Church.

There is a sign-posted heritage trail which visitors can follow to visit all the historical places in the old part of town. The new section of Melaka lies across the Melaka River and is mostly built on land reclaimed from the sea. It consists of modern shopping centres like the Mahkota Parade and is a bustling food and entertainment district.

Outside Melaka town, there are a some nice beaches, two excellent offshore islands with resorts and a golf course. The Air Keroh district is close to the North-South Expressway and has many recreational theme parks.



Porta de Santiag - This prominent landmark almost synonymous with Melaka, was a fortress built by the Portuguese admiral, Alfonso d’ Albuquerque in 1511. It was badly damaged during the Dutch invasion in 1641. Timely intervention by Sir Stamford Raffles, a British official, in 1808 saved what remains of the A’Famosa today.

Stadthuys - Another major landmark in the state, the Stadthuys was built in 1650 as the official residence of Dutch governors and their officers. Originally white, it was given a striking salmon-red colour to match the nearby Christ Church.

Christ Church - Situated adjacent to the Stadthuys, this bright red structure is testimony to Dutch architectural ingenuity. Interesting features include the church’s handmade pews, ceiling beams (constructed without joints), brass bible, tombstone and ‘The Last Supper’ in glazed tiles.

St. Paul’s Church - St. Francis Xavier was buried in the open grave here in 1553 before his body was transferred to Goa in India. The church has acommanding view of Melaka.

St. John’s Fort - The fort is located on St. John’s Hill and was originally a private Portuguese chapel dedicated to St. John the Baptist. The fort has an interesting feature; cannons face inland as during that time attacks on Melaka came mainly from the hinterland instead of from the sea.

Bukit Cina - As the name implies, ‘Chinese Hill’ was the official settlement of the entourage that arrived with the Chinese Princess Hang Li Po. She was sent to Melaka by the Ming emperor to marry the Sultan, marking the
advent of diplomatic relations between Melaka and China.

Hang Li Po’s Well - Built by the followers of Hang Li Po, the well was the only source of water during great droughts. The Dutch enclosed it with stout walls to reserve it for their exclusive use. Today, it enjoys a reputation as a wishing well.

Hang Tuah’s Mausoleum -
This famous Malay warrior served as the admiral of Melaka’s naval forces and defended successfully countless attacks against Melaka. The outstanding military exploits of Hang Tuah and his four comrades, made him a legend in the history of Melaka.

Baba and Nyonya Heritage Museum - This museum was the ancestral home of three generations of a Baba-Nyonya (descendants of the Chinese who arrived in Melaka and married locals) family. An open-air courtyard is situated in the middle of the house. Furniture is made of Chinese rosewood in a mixture of Chinese, Victorian and Dutch designs.

Maritime Museum - This unique museum is housed in a replica of the Flor de la Mar, a Portuguese vessel that sank off the Melaka coast. Inside the museum are models of ships, authentic maps, old iron chests and charts.

Melaka Sultanate Palace (Cultural Museum) - At the foot of St. Paul’s Hill, lies the wooden replica of a 15th century Malay palace. The building has been turned into a cultural museum with main exhibits relating to Melaka culture.

Portuguese Square - The Portuguese Square is located within the Portuguese Settlement, 3km from the city. Built in the late 1980s, the square is inspired by the Portuguese mercado. It is the venue for local cultural shows performed every Saturday evening.

A’Famosa Resort - Located in the vicinity of Alor Gajah, is the award-winning A’Famosa Resort which boasts several themed attractions which include the A’Famosa Water World, A’Famosa Animal World Safari and A’Famosa Cowboy Town.

Traditional Melaka House - A typical traditional Melaka house stands on 12 to 16 main pillars, usually two metres high. The decorative flower-motif tiled steps are its most striking feature. Traditional Melaka houses can still be seen in rural communities with the most famous located in Bukit Paloh.

Mini Malaysia - This themed complex showcases 13 life-size authentic and traditional houses of Malaysia crafted by master builders.

Melaka Zoo -
The Melaka Zoo is home to more than 200 species ofanimals found in Southeast Asia and Africa.

Cheng Ho Cultural Museum
- This museum located in Bandar Hilir is filled with artefacts related to Admiral Cheng Ho who sailed to Melaka from China in the 15th century. There are about 2,000 historical items related to Cheng Ho and the Ming Dynasty being displayed at the museum, including crockery, coins, the Cheng Ho Well, clothing and a
replica of Cheng Ho’s ship.

Tanjung Tuan - The westernmost tip of Peninsular Malaysia, Tanjung Tuan was formerly known as Cape Rachado. The 18th century lighthouse there was built at its promontory to guide sailing ships safely to Melaka. The cape consists of a 65ha coastal forest cum recreational forest which serves as a sanctuary for migratory raptors
from colder climes.

Islands - Off the Melaka coast are a cluster of islands, the largest being Pulau Besar and Pulau Upeh. Pulau Besar offers sandy beaches, beachfront chalets, beach activities and golfing. Pulau Upeh is a quiet island getaway for nature lovers and provides visitors the opportunity to see the rare Hawksbill turtle.

Antiques - Jonker Street (renamed Jalan Hang Jebat) in the older section of the city is a haven for antique collectors and bargain hunters. Authentic artefacts and relics, some dating as far back as 300 years, can be found among a host of interesting collectibles, each with its own history and mystery.

For those arriving by air at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport, you can get to Melaka by taxi or air-conditioned coaches. Melaka is a 2-hour drive from Kuala Lumpur and 2 hours from Johor Bahru. Melaka is a popular stop-over destination for cruise ships. Ferries also ply between Melaka and Dumai in Sumatra. The Batu Berendam airfield also receives flights from Indonesia.


If you are in West Malaysia, the best way to travel to Malacca is by road. Travelling down sourth via the North-South Highway from the KLIA (Kuala Lumpur International Airport) takes only a mere 90 minutes. If you are travelling from K.L., the journey is about 2 hours. From Johor Bahru heading north, it's only 2 1/2 hours away. You will also get to enjoy the greeneries of oil palm plantation and some evergreen tropical landscape along the North-South Expressway. There are many public rest areas, stop-overs, petrol kiosks and strategic view points along the highway so the journey will be quite pleasant if one needs to have a rest from the long distance driving.

Toll Gate Exits
From the North (from Kuala Lumpur) : (Last 2 toll gate exits)
Pedas/Linggi Toll --> Tampin/Alor Gajah Toll --> Air Keroh Toll
From the South (from Johor Bahru) : (Last 2 toll gate exits)
Muar/Pagoh Toll --> Tangkak Toll --> Air Keroh Toll

  • By Bus
    Travelling by bus is the mode of transportation favoured by most people as there are many bus companies making quite a few trips at different times to various destinations in Malaysia every day. Moreover, it is relatively cheaper than driving.
    From Puduraya Bus Station in Kuala Lumpur, you can choose from several operators to ride a bus down to Malacca. Bookings can be made very easily, usually on the day itself. But it is still rather risky to try to get tickets a few hours before your scheduled departure and passengers are advised to book their tickets at least a day before.
  • By Train
    Riding the railway is probably the slowest mode of transportation to Malacca but it is also the most relaxing and scenic. While on the train, you can admire the rural countryside at a pleasant pace.
    However, the train does not stop at Malacca City as it does not have a station; the nearest one is at Tampin, about 38 kilometres to the north of Malacca City. Not to worry though, there are buses and the ever-ready taxis at your disposal to get you to town. Call the Tampin railway station at this number: +6 (0)6 441 1034 if you'll like to find out more information.
  • By Taxi
    A cab ride will probably cost the most, but then again, it is easy to hail a taxi anywhere you are in cities around Malaysia to get to Malacca. On the other hand, the taxi station in Malacca is just opposite the local bus station. Travelling by a cab offers privacy and convenience without the hassle of driving yourself.
  • By Car
    You can rent a car from operators in Kuala Lumpur and pay a deposit besides the daily rates. Utterly convenient, having your own ride means you are the master of your own schedule in Malacca. From Kuala Lumpur, just follow the signboards on the North-South Highway towards Seremban and then Malacca to get there. Traffic in Malacca is relatively easy compared to Penang or Kuala Lumpur but be warned that there are many one-way roads.
  • By Plane
    Batu Berendam Airport is located about 10km from Malacca city. As of 2010, the two scheduled flights are on Riau Airlines, five times weekly (no flights on Wednesdays and Fridays) at 1005AM to Pekanbaru in Sumatra, Indonesia. The flight from Pekanbaru departs at 0730 and comes in at 0920. To get there/away: Any Batang Bus (yellow, cream and red) from Melaka Sentral will go past Batu Berendam Airport. Buses will stop by the main road about 200m from the airport building. Tuahbas (blue and white) to Taman Merdeka also goes from Melaka Sentral past the airport via Bachang.
    The nearest major airport is Kuala Lumpur's KLIA, about 1.5-2 hours away by car. Transnasional runs about four direct buses daily, but if you miss them, you'll have to detour via KL or take a taxi.





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15 Feb 2011 : Submission of Abstract

20 Feb 2011 : Notification of Abstract